Flashback: Irish Americans invaded Canada in a plot to liberate Ireland. The far-fetched plan got its start in Chicago

Had it succeeded, a 19th century attempt to force the British out of Ireland by invading Canada would be remembered as the boldest flanking maneuver in military history. As it failed, the reader must decide if the Irish American invaders were naive or laudable for dreaming of an ancestral homeland free of colonial oppression. Whatever the verdict, the story began in Chicago in 1863. That November, the Fenian Brotherhood of America held its first convention in the fraternal organization’s hall at Randolph and Wells streets. Delegates from Irish American communities in North America adopted a co…

Read More

HEDGE accordingly