What are clinical trials and how do they work?

Washington (AFP) – To find out whether experimental Covid-19 vaccines are safe and effective, researchers design clinical trials involving thousands of volunteers, divided into groups that receive either the drug under investigation or a placebo. Data from such trials have shown that two vaccines — one developed by Pfizer and BioNtech, the other by Moderna and the US National Institutes of Health — are about 95 percent effective.Here’s a look at how trials work:Who leads clinical trials? – American pharmaceutical Pfizer itself has led and financed a clinical trial of its vaccine involving al…

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